When looking at our focus topic of ‘Eco-tourism’, we must constaintly refer back to the term- Sustainability. For an eco-tourism resort or village to first be developed, its designers must take the areas susstainability into consideration.
Sustainability usually makes us think about carbon footprints, greenhouse gases and ecosystems. This is the environmental aspect of sustainability. Two additional aspects are generally recognised as contributing to sustainability: economic factors and social factors. Together these three pillars of sustainability are often referred to as ‘people – planet – profit’. Sustainability is a balancing act where business decisions take into account the impact they may have on the three aspects of sustainability including the economic viability of the business. – See more at: http://sustainabilityskills.net.au/what-is-sustainability/#sthash.0uN1AbtD.dpuf
In ecology, sustainability refers to how biological systems remain diverse and productive. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. In more general terms, sustainability is the endurance of systems and processes. The organizing principle for sustainability is sustainable development, which includes the four interconnected domains: ecology, economics, politics and culture. Sustainability science is the study of sustainable development and environmental science.
Healthy ecosystems and environments are necessary to the survival of humans and other organisms. Ways of reducing negative human impact are environmentally-friendly chemical engineering, environmental resources management and environmental protection. Information is gained from green chemistry, earth science, environmental science and conservation biology. Ecological economics studies the fields of academic research that aim to address human economies and natural ecosystems.
Despite the increased popularity of the use of the term “sustainability”, the possibility that human societies will achieve environmental sustainability has been, and continues to be, questioned—in light of environmental degradation, climate change, overconsumption, and societies’ pursuit of indefinite economic growth in a closed system.