State Government Responsibilites×83-Role-Of-Government-Brochure-Members-RobbA_LOW.pdf

Areas of responsibility of State government

Each State or Territory has its own Parliament and Government. The State Parliament
makes laws for everyone within that State.
The leader of a State Government is called the Premier. The leader of a Territory Government
is called the Chief Minister.
Not every State or Territory Government operates under the same system. Some have an
upper house and a lower house, others have only one house. The number of members of
parliament also varies significantly from State to State.
The State Government is responsible for schools, police, prisons, most roads, railways and
emergency services such as fire and ambulance. States raise their own money through
taxes and also receive money directly from the Federal Government.
The State Premiers and Territory Chief Ministers meet regularly in Canberra with the Prime
Minister and Treasurer to discuss the amount of money they will receive to help pay for their
services. The meeting is called the Council of Australian Governments (COAG).


Providing support for farmers, including research into best farming practices, disease prevention and financial aid when disasters such as floods or droughts occur.


Providing a public education system and also supervising the running of private schools. The Education Department is also in charge of exams, providing assistance for troubled students, maintaining the buildings in schools and employing all the teachers. This is one of the most important jobs of State governments.

Electricity and gas supplies

In general, government -owned corporations provide electricity and gas to the populations of the States. Large power stations make the electricity, which is then carried to different areas that need the power.


Hospitals, ambulances and community health services are all provided by the State governments. All public hospitals are run by State governments and private hospitals are monitored by State governments. Many doctors and nurses are employees of State governments.


State governments are in charge of making sure that there is enough land for all the people in the State to have housing. This is also known as the planning role of the government. Housing is also provided to low income earners by State governments. These houses are maintained by the Department of Housing.

Law and order

State governments are in charge of setting up and maintaining law and order through the police force and the courts. The prison system is also the responsibility of State governments.

Local government

State governments give some of their power to local councils, to deal with issues such as waste disposal and roads. The State government is in charge of all local governments and their workers.

Main roads

Main roads and highways in the States are the responsibility of the State governments.

Public transport

Trains, trams, bus and ferry services in the cities and towns of the States are all run by State governments.


Water supply to cities and towns for drinking is the responsibility of the State governments. Irrigation for farmers is also provided under the control of State governments.


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